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The population and the economic activities

In the 16th century, the Basque Provinces, with around 60,000 inhabitants per province, had an average density of 30 inhabitants/km², which was relatively high for the time.

In the 16th century, the Basque Provinces, with around 60,000 inhabitants per province, had an average density of 30 inhabitants/km², which was relatively high for the time.

Nafarroa, with around 145,000 inhabitants, had around 12 inhabitants/km². During the first two thirds of the 16th century, the demographic expansion of the previous century continued, in a context of economic growth in agriculture, industry, trade and fishing. In the 17th century, the economic crisis which had started in the last few decades of the 16th century continued.


http://www.euskosare.org/euskal_herria/aurkezpena_eh/historia/historia_modernoa/population_economic_activities/eks_structuredocument_view